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Green Electricity: It's in the Eye of the Beholder

Fortnightly Magazine - February 15 1998

10 percent by 2010. Allows states to impose additional requirements.

"Biomass" excludes burning of municipal solid waste.


ARIZONA. By Jan. 1, 1999, at least 0.5 percent of power must come from new photovoltaic or solar thermal source. The requirement will increase to 1 percent on Jan. 1, 2002.

CALIFORNIA. SB 90 creates a trust fund to support in-state renewable sources from 1998-2002; four accounts support new technologies and rebates for consumers.

ILLINOIS. The act establishes a Renewable Energy Resources Program to foster investment in the development and use of renewable resources.

MASSACHUSETTS. By 2003, 1 percent of electricity sales will come from new renewable generating sources, rising 0.5 percent each year through 2009 and increasing 1 percent each year thereafter. The law also establishes a Renewable Energy Trust Fund.

MARYLAND. The state had not defined the term "renewable" by early January. However, the staff report does mention the promotion and utilization of electricity from cogeneration and waste. The commission chose not to adopt renewable portfolio standards or a charge to fund renewable energy objectives: "We¼ find there are questions of the limits of our authority and of the desirability of [such a proposal] that persuade us not to adopt them at this time."

MAINE. A minimum of 30 percent of supply portfolio of retail sales must come through renewable resources.

MONTANA. The act establishes universal system benefits programs to ensure continued funding of renewable resource projects.

NEVADA. By Jan. 1, 2001, 0.2 percent of the total amount of electricity consumed annually must come from renewable sources. This amount will increase biannually until the standard reaches 1 percent. Portfolio standards also must be derived from not less than 50 percent renewable energy resources, be derived from not less than 50 percent solar energy systems and be based on renewable energy credits, if applicable.

RHODE ISLAND. For five years beginning Jan. 1, 1997, customers will be charged 2.3 mills per kilowatt-hour delivered to fund renewable energy resources and demand-side management programs.

VERMONT. Renewable portfolio standards increase each year beginning in 1998 until 2007, when at least 4 percent of all retail electricity consumed in the state must come from renewable sources. Tradable credits are also established.



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