Demand response reduces overall energy usage, but the magnitude of the reduction depends on whether the technologies are developed and deployed with efficiency in mind.
Demand Response: The Green Effect
How demand response programs contribute to energy efficiency and environmental quality.
toward those more interested in conservation.
6. Sarah Darby, Oxford University, “Making It Obvious: Designing Feedback into Energy Consumption,” in Energy Efficiency in Household Appliances and Lighting, edited by Bertoldi et. al., Springer, 2001. Also see “Advancing the Efficiency of Electricity Utilization: Prices to Devices,” Background Paper for 2006 EPRI Summer Seminar.
7. Wang and Swisher, op. cit.
8. “A Survey of Time-Of-Use (TOU) Pricing and Demand-Response (DR) Programs” Energy and Environmental Economics Inc., for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, July 2006.
9. “Analysis of NOx Emission Reduction Potential From Demand Side Resources” Art Diem, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, presentation at Ozone Transport Commission, September 2006.