The traditional central-station grid is evolving toward a more distributed architecture, accommodating a variety of resources spread out across the network. An open and thoughtful planning...
Demand Response: The Missing Link
Everyone is in favor of more demand response, but little gets delivered when system operators need it the most.
overcome these barriers.
15. Assessment of Demand Response & Advanced Metering, FERC 8 Aug 06.
16. Examples include various types of interruptible loads, air-conditioner cycling programs, Flex-Your-Power, critical peak pricing (CPP), time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP) options. Each utility offers a variety of programs targeted at different classes of customers.
17. On 20 July 2006, Pacific Gas & Electric Co. received approval from the CPUC to convert its entire system—5.1 million electric meters—by 2011 at a cost of $1.74 billion. CPUC wants the other two IOUs to follow a similar path within a similar time frame.
18. Province of Ontario has proposed to convert all electric meters to digital variety by 2010.
19. For example, the state of California has established the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) singly devoted to DR issues.
20. There are, of course, a myriad of other promising solutions, including one developed at DRRC called AutoDR.
22. The project was successfully demonstrated during a field demonstration at the California Energy Commission (CEC) in mid August with participation of the California ISO and California’s three IOUs.
22. DRBizNet Press Release, 11 Aug 2006 available at www.DRBizNet.org.