The Energy Policy Act of 2005 adds a new section of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978. Section 210(m) of PURPA now provides for the termination of an electric utility’s...
Smart Grid in America and Europe (Part II)
Past accomplishments and future plans.
at 14. McKinsey predicted more than 50 million would be installed by 2015. McKinsey Report , supra note 1, at 4.
13. Parks Assocs., “Report: 8 Million Smart Meters Deployed in U.S.; Millions More to Come,” Transmission & Distribution World , July 14, 2009.
14. In early 2010, Italy had an estimated 30 million installations. See McKinsey Report , supra note 1, at 13. Yet by the same time, the U.S. only had 6.7 million advanced ,metering infrastructure meters installed as compared to the more than 50 million projected installations. U.S. Smart Grid Report , supra note 6, at 14.
15. McKinsey states that the E.U. has a higher level of grid automation than the U.S., but has lagged in meter implementation. McKinsey Report , supra note 1, at 49. Perhaps this is true as compared to E.U.’s overall potential for installing smart meters. In hard numbers however Europe has achieved impressive penetration especially in comparison to the U.S. Italy has reached almost 100 percent, compared to Pennsylvania—the highest in the U.S.—with only 23.9 percent. U.S. Smart Grid Report , supra note 6, at 26.
16. Natalie Solis, “Smart Meter Complaints Reach Lawmakers,” Fox 4 News , Mar. 4, 2010.
17. U.S. Smart Grid Report , supra note 6, at vi.
18. McKinsey Report , supra note 1, at 16.
19. McKinsey Report , supra note 1, at 22, Frei, supra note 4 (stating that in Germany the meter could cost from €35 to €100 with a smart meter service fee to the utilities of €60 to €240, totaling to €95 to €340 per meter); Michael Kanellos, “Dissecting the Cost of the Smart Grid,” Greentech Media , Oct. 27, 2010, (stating that installing a smart meter costs approximately $250).
20. Bill Ablondi, “Bringing the Smart Grid to the Smart Home: It’s Not about the Meter,” SmartGrid News , Jan. 13, 2010, (stating that approximately 40 million smart meters will be installed by 2012).
21. Phil Carson, “Who Pays SmartGridCity Costs? Ratepayers or Shareholders?,” Intelligent Util., Sept. 21, 2010.
22. Brianna Bailey, “Oklahoma Corporation Commission OKs OG&E’s Smart Grid Rollout,” J. Rec ., July 1, 2010.
23. Elias Leake Quinn, Smart Metering & Privacy: Existing Law and Competing Policies, a Report for the Colorado Public Utilities Commission (2009) (depicting the detailed electric usage information gathered by smart meters in the cover graphic); see generally Smart Grid Interoperability Panel, Nat’l Inst. of Standards & Tech., Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 2, Privacy and the Smart Grid (2010) [hereinafter NIST Cyber Security]; Univ. of Colo. at Boulder, Smart Grid Deployment in Colorado: Challenges and Opportunities 42–52 (2010); U.S. Dep’t of Energy, Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to Smart Grid Technologies (2010); Melissa Hathaway, “Power Hackers, The National Smart Grid Is Shaping up To Be Dangerously Insecure,” Sci. Am. (2010).
24. NIST Cyber Security , supra note 23, at 11–15; “Getting on the Grid,” 5 Power & Energy (2008) (interview with Andrew Tang, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) senior director, smart energy web, explaining that PG&E is installing meters that will gather between