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Fortnightly Magazine - December 1995

Mailbag

Low Loads, Short Ride

Kevin O'Donnell's article "Aggregating Municipal Loads: The Future is Today" (Oct. 1, 1995) argues that residential and small commercial low-load-factor customers will do well in a competitive environment. Yes, I agree that the future for these customers is definitely today. Low-load customers will do much better in the short run. As long as excess capacity exists, sellers will price at little more than short-run marginal cost. Once excess capacity dries up, however, fixed costs will have to be paid.

Mass. OK's Stranded-cost Charge for Self-generators

Phillip S. Cross

The Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) has ruled that Cambridge Electric Co. may recover stranded costs from customers that switch to self-generation. The DPU made the ruling while reviewing a "Customer Transition Charge" (CTC) filed as part of the utility's tariff for services in connection with the operation of a cogeneration qualifying facility (QF) by one of its large customers, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

TMI Plaintiffs Can Seek Damages

Lori A. Burkhart

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit on October 17 ruled that plaintiffs claiming injuries related to the 1979 accident at Unit 2 of the Three Mile Island nuclear plant (TMI-2) may seek punitive damages. Plaintiffs may receive compensatory and punitive damages under the Price-Anderson Act from: 1) primary financial protection provided through commercial insurance policies, which is required of all nuclear utilities; and 2) secondary financial protection in the form of private liability insurance under an industry retrospective rating plan.

Retail Wheeling Looms in New Hampshire

Phillip S. Cross

The New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (PUC) has issued preliminary guidelines for a pilot program to examine the implications of retail competition in the electric industry. The guidelines, which respond to a state law mandating creation of a retail competition pilot, propose opening 3 percent of each electric utility's peak load to competitive suppliers of electric power.

SBT Settlement Gives Large Refunds

Lori A. Burkhart

Oklahoma appears finally to have settled a 1992 Southwestern Bell Telephone (SBT) rate case, refunding customers about $438 million and cutting rates by $84.4 million annually. The settlement follows an FBI investigation and allegations of commission bias. The Oklahoma Supreme Court will formally approve the settlement once the many related, pending lawsuits are dismissed.

Virginia Tentative about Electric Restructuring

Phillip S. Cross

The Virginia State Corporation Commission (SCC) has initiated an investigation of electric industry restructuring and emerging competition. The SCC stressed that Virginia is not saddled with high-cost power, and that larger electric utilities in the state currently provide service at rates "significantly below" the national average. Nevertheless, the SCC concluded that a formal investigation was necessary to determine whether regulatory improvements might result in reliable service at lower costs for state consumers.

Industrials Force BPA Discount

Lori A. Burkhart

Fifteen aluminum and chemical companies in the Northwest have joined together under the name "Direct Service Industries Inc." (DSI). Together, the 15 companies account for about 30 percent of BPA sales (3,000 megawatts (Mw)). Seven of them have forced the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to negotiate a cut-rate electric supply

contract, although the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has yet to approve the new rates. These companies will now take 75 percent of their total requirements from BPA (about 1,300 Mw).

Fla. Examines Real-time Pricing Costs

Phillip S. Cross

The Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) has ruled that Gulf Power Co. may record a revenue shortfall associated with its experimental real-time pricing program "above the line" in determining current earnings under a rate agreement capping company profits at a 12.7-percent return on equity. The program permits Gulf Power to price services for large industrial customers to reflect lower costs associated with offpeak usage.

CAP Offers Plan to Cut LILCO Rates

Lori A. Burkhart

The Citizens Advisory Panel (CAP) has released its proposal to cut rates on Long Island by 20 percent, in response to New York Gov. George Pataki's call for the dissolution of the Long Island Lighting Co. (LILCO). Electric rates on Long Island are the second-highest in the nation.

The CAP plan would slash at least $1 billion from Shoreham debt, and refinance the remaining debt with bonds issued by the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA). CAP believes the $1-billion cut alone would reduce electric bills 10 percent.

Maine Approves Electricity Price Hedging

Phillip S. Cross

The Maine Public Utilities Commission (PUC) has authorized Bangor Hydro-Electric Co. to enter into oil price-swap and price-cap transactions. The utility said that the since the PUC had eliminated its fuel adjustment clause in an earlier proceeding, it had sought ways to reduce the risk associated with fuel price changes. The oil "price hedges," seek to set Bangor's future cost of oil by requiring the parties to pay a settlement amount if the actual price, as published by a well-recognized source, should vary from the price contained in the agreement.

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