Average electricity prices are expected to remain virtually unchanged through 2010, rising a scant 0.4 cents per kilowatt-hour, according to the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) "Annual...
CO2 Does Not Pollute: But Kyoto's Demise Won't End Debate
by the use of metallic fuel and on-site pyroprocessing. 11
Nor is biomass a practical replacement for fossil fuels, because of its huge land requirements, high labor intensity, and the serious environmental impacts of mono-culture energy crops. 11 Moreover, the best use of biomass is as a sink for CO 2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels. As noted before, the afforestation of the Northern Hemisphere and other effects of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in stimulating plant growth already more than offset the still ongoing loss of tropical forests.
Instead, a great deal more effort must be devoted to make such high-tech renewable technologies as photovoltaic power more economically competitive. This option offers the additional advantage of being a distributed generation technology, especially suited for high-insolation areas in continental Asia and in Africa that lack electric power grids. Again, abundant natural gas, delivered by international pipelines or in liquefied form by tanker, can serve as an environmentally benign transition fuel until the further development and deployment of high-tech renewable energy sources.
In spite of the remaining challenges to achievement of a sustainable global energy system no later than 2100, there are realistic options for pathways to sustainability that avoid unacceptable environmental impacts. This is why so many analysts disagree strongly with the alarmist data on climate change disseminated recently by the IPCC.
- Hougton, et al., eds., "Climate Change 1995 Ð The Science of Climate Change" in Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group I, Cambridge University Press (1996).
- Bette Hileman, "Web of Interactions Makes It Difficult to Untangle Global Warming Data," , Vol. 70, No. 17, pp. 7-14, 16, 18-19 (April 27, 1992).
- Richard S. Lindzen, "Some Coolness Concerning Global Warming," , Vol. 71, No. 3, pp. 288-299 (March 1990). Also Richard S. Lindzen, "Climate Forecasting - When Models are Qualitatively Wrong," Washington Roundtable on Science and Public Policy, May 17, 2000, George C. Marshall Institute, Washington, DC.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, "Summary For Policymakers" for the "Third Assessment Report" of Working Group I made available on the Internet on October 22, 2000 with the notation "Do not Cite. Do not Quote." In view of the wide distribution of this "Summary" and its key findings to the media and the technical and trade press and the numerous published references and articles dealing with its content, it seems permissible to comment on it here.
- , Vol. 4, No. 1, p. 7 (January 2001).
- Roy W. Spencer, "1996: A Preview of Cooler Days Ahead," pp. 14-17, , Patrick J. Michaels, Chief Editor. New Hope Environmental Services, Inc. (1997).
- "Temperature Histories in Perspective," , Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 5-11 (Summer 1994). Also National Climate Data Center U.S. Temperature History as reported in Greening Earth Society "Virtual Climate Alert," Vol. 1, No. 46 (December 21, 2000).
- "International Energy Outlook 2000 With Projections to 2020," Energy Information Administration, Document No. DOE/EIA-0484(2000), March 2000.
- "Annual Energy Outlook 2001 With Projections to 2020," Energy Information Administration, Document No. DOE/EIA-0383(2001), December 2000. (Reference Case Forecasts.)
- Henry R. Linden, "Fuel for Thought: