Standards and technology don't reduce energy consumption, despite the claims of efficiency zealots. Real energy savings only come through behavioral change.
Optimizing Demand Response
A comprehensive DR business case quantifies a full range of concurrent benefits.
Long-Term Power Procurement .
4. See, CAISO Demand Response Resource Users Guide: Version 3.0 . This explains how DR can qualify as Participating Load to directly provide Operating Reserve including Non-Spinning Reserve.
5. J. Bumgarner, Smart Energy Today: The Right Tools for the Job , PacifiCorp Energy, 2007.
6. Comments of Large Energy Consumers Association, Comverge, Inc., Division of Ratepayer Advocates, et al., in CPUC R. 07-01-041 (19 November 2007), Appendix A.
7. Nemtzow D., D. Delury, and C. King 2007. “ The Green Effect ,” Public Utilities Fortnightly, March 2008.