Market rules could evolve to compensate gas suppliers for pressurizing pipelines when needed on short notice. Enhanced ancillary services will require innovative strategies using line pack in...
East vs. West: Comparing Electric Markets in California and PJM
estimated at $2 per megawatt-hour.
12 Hogan, William W., "The RTO NOPR: No Mandate, But a Plan That Works," , July 1, 1999, p. 18.
13 Kirsch, Laurence D. , "ISO Economics: How California Flubbed it on Transmission Pricing," , Oct. 15, 1998 p. 24.
14 FERC, CAISO , "Order accepting for filing in part and rejecting in part proposed tariff amendment and directing reevaluation of approach to addressing intrazonal congestion," Jan. 7, 2000.
15 Ruff, Larry E., "Competitive Electricity Markets: Why They Are Working and How To Improve Them," May 1999, www.harvard.edu/hepg.
16 Typically power sales contracts are written such that in the event of default, the obligation is for "liquidated damages."
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