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Bridging the Carbon Gap: Fossil Fuel Use for the 21st Century

Coal gasification as a transition plan to build lead time to develop sustainable, climate-friendly energy technologies.
Fortnightly Magazine - November 15 2002

petroleum fuels or methanol-but the consensus is rapidly shifting to on-board storage. 12

Yet as to the source of this hydrogen for surface transport over the foreseeable future, the consensus appears that packaged natural gas steam reformers would be least costly. They also would offer the lowest "well-to-wheels" CO 2 emissions of any current option, such as water electrolysis with grid power, of which more than half is still generated from coal in the United States.


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  4. Henry R. Linden, "The United States Can No Longer Stay on the Sidelines in Formulating a Rational Global Climate Change Policy," (Guest Editorial) , , Oct. 2001, pp. 80-84.
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  11. Henry R. Linden, "Pathways to a Sustainable Global Energy System." Presented at the Goddard Engineering Colloquium, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md, October 6, 1997.
  12. Henry R. Linden, "Let's Be Rational About Hydrogen as a Vehicular Fuel," , March 15, 2002, pp. 8-9.
  13. Williams, R.H., Private communication. "Affordable Electricity from Fossil Fuels for Stationary and Mobile Applications, with Near-Zero Pollutant and CO 2 Emissions." Review draft of Princeton University Center for Environmental Studies report dated Jan. 2, 1999.
  14. Williams, R.H., 1996,"Fuel Cell Decarbonization and Fuel Cell Applications and Sequestration of the Separated CO 2," PU/CEES Report No. 295, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Center for Energy and Environment Studies.
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  16. "Proton Energy Systems Opens New Connecticut Facility, is Poised for Growth," , Aug. 2002, pp. 4-6.
  17. Robert H. Williams, "Facilitating Widespread Deployment of Wind and Photovoltaic Technologies," , Spring 2002.
  18. "Denmark Backing off Wind Power Support," , April 2002. pp. 5-6.
  19. Yoon I. Chang, "Status of Progress in IFR Development," Paper No. 94-JPG-NE-14, presented at the American Society of