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Smart Grid in America and Europe (Part I)

Similar desires, different approaches.

Fortnightly Magazine - January 2011

the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, 20 20 by 2020: Europe’s Climate Change Opportunity , at 20, COM (2008) 30 final (Jan. 23, 2008); see also E.U. SmartGrids SDD, supra note 12, at 8 n.1; McKinsey & Co., McKinsey on Smart Grid (2010) [hereinafter McKinsey Report]; “Power Firms Want Funding Model for Smart Grids,” EurActiv , Nov. 30, 2009.

17. Council Directive 2009/72, Concerning Common Rules for the Internal Market in Electricity and Repealing Directive 2003/54/EC, 2009 O.J. (L 211) (EC); “Smart Meters: Controlling Your Energy Bill?,” EurActiv, Feb. 16, 2010: (“The gas and electricity directives of the third energy package, adopted in 2009, require member states to prepare a timetable for the introduction of intelligent metering systems. In the case of electricity, at least 80 percent of customers should be equipped with smart meters by 2020, pending a cost-assessment study.”)

18. European Comm’n, Roadmap: Legislative Proposal for a Regulatory Framework on Smart Grids (2010).

19. “Commission Cautious on Smart Grids,” EurActiv, Apr. 16, 2010.

20. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, towards a European Research Area, COM (2000) 6 final (Jan. 18, 2000); see European Research Area, From Concept to Reality , Eur. Commission, (last updated June 7, 2010) (explaining that among other initiatives, the E.U. Research Framework Programmes and the European Technology Platforms were created as part of the European Research Area).

21. See generally E.U. SmartGrids Vision & Strategy , supra note 45.

22. Individual Platforms, E.U. Eur. Tech. Platforms, (current as of Nov. 16, 2010).

23. See generally E.U. SmartGrids Vision & Strategy , supra note 45, at 4, 6.

24. See generally E.U. SmartGrids SDD , supra note 12.

25. E.U. SmartGrids Vision & Strategy , supra note 45, at 4.

26. E.U. SmartGrids SDD , supra note 12, at 8.

27. European Elec. Grid Initiative, Roadmap 2010-18 and Detailed Implementation Plan 2010-12 (2010) [hereinafter EEGI Roadmap & Implementation Plan]. 

28. See generally European Comm’n, Towards Smart Power Networks: Lessons Learned from European Research FP5 Projects 5 (2005) [hereinafter E.U. FP5 Lessons].

29. European Comm’n, Introduction, Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) website, (last updated Aug. 20, 2007) [hereinafter Seventh Framework Website].

30. See generally E.U. FP5 Lessons , supra note 2840, at 5.

31. European Comm’n, FP7: Tomorrow’s Answers Start Today 10 (2006) [hereinafter FP7: Tomorrow’s Answers].

32. Id.; see also European Comm’n, Work Programme: 2011: Cooperation: Theme 5: Energy (2010) [hereinafter Theme 5: Energy].

33. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Investing in the Development of Low Carbon Technologies (SET-Plan), COM (2009) 519 final (Jan. 7, 2009).

34. EEGI Roadmap & Implementation Plan, supra note 2730.

35. “Commission Cautious on Smart Grids,” EurActiv, Apr. 16, 2010: (“In October 2009, the Commission published its long-awaited funding map for the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan …”).

36. Anna Jenkinson, “A Smart Grid for Europe,” Sci. Bus. , July