If you were a utility executive today would you consider building a new nuclear power plant? What if the United States decided to implement the emission reductions called for in the Kyoto Protocol...
Indian Point and the battle for the nation’s energy future.
See http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/permits_ej_operations_pdf/issuesruling.pdf. In New York State SPDES permits must be renewed every five years. 6 NYCRR Part 750-1.15.
4. New York Dept. of Env. Conservation, Nos.: 3-5522-00011/00030 (IP2) and 3-5522-00105/00031 (IP3) Notice of Denial (April 2, 2010).
5. 33 U.S.C. § 1326(b); 6 NYCRR § 704.5.
6. David M. Halbfinger, “New York Denise Indian Point a Water Permit,” New York Times , April 3, 2010.
7. See 33 U.S.C. § 1326(b).
8. CWA § 316(b); 40 CFR § 125.90 – 125.99.
9. Notice of Denial, supra note 4.
10. See Entergy Corporation v. Riverkeeper, Inc., et al , 29 S.Ct. 1498 (2009).
11. Entergy Corporation letter to Brian E. Holian, Director, License Renewal, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (July 29, 2011).
12. NYSDEC Notice to Intervene, supra note 2.
13. 2006 Vt. Acts & Resolves No. 160.
14. See McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 316, 4 L.Ed. 579, 1819.
15. Pacific Gas and Elec. Co. v. State Energy Resources Conservation, 461 U.S. 190, 1983.
16. Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLC et. al. v. Shumlin et. al., Docket No. 1:11-cv-99, 2012.
17. Press Release, New Jersey Dept. Env. Protection, DEP issues NJPDES permit to Oyster Creek Nuclear Plant in accordance with plant closure agreement, Dec. 21, 2011.
18. New York Independent Service Operator, 2010 Reliability Needs Assessment, at 53, 2010.
19. Press Release, New York State Assembly member James F. Brennan, “Assembly Committees’ Preliminary Findings Show Indian Point Can Be Shut Down,” Feb. 1, 2012.
20. NYDEP recently commission the Charles River Associates (CRA) to perform and economic impact analysis resulting from IPEC’s closure. CRA performed an options analysis using IPEC continual operation as a baseline for comparison. In every scenario modeled, the price of energy to New York’s consumers increase, air emissions rise significantly, and reliability issues arise because of the transmission issues that exist in lower New York. Specifically, CRA’s analysis forecasts wholesale cost increases of approximately $1.5 billion per year, or roughly a 10 percent increase under most scenarios. NYC consumers would pay approximately $300 million per year more for wholesale energy, or approximately a 5 to 10 percent increase. See Indian Point Energy Center Retirement Analysis, Charles River Associates (2011).
22. Id. at 78.
23. The Power NY Act of 2011 (A. 8510/S. 5844) (PNY Act).
24. The New York Affordable Reliable Electricity Alliance official response to Article X is that it won’t reduce the need for IPEC. See Paul Steidler and Amber Sisson, “New York’s Electricity Marketplace: Efficient, Regulated, Free Enterprise,” Nov. 14, 2011.
25. Matthew L. Wald, “Federal Regulators Approve Two Nuclear Reactors in Georgia,” New York Times, Feb. 9, 2012.