Deregulation places the cost, safety, and reliability of the U.S. electric utility industry at risk. So says the Utility Workers Union of America, AFL-CIO, which represents 50,000 workers at 74 utilities. A UWUA position paper warns that competition could cause shortages and high prices: "This is the standard business cycle.... There is no reason to believe that the laws of supply and demand have been repealed." The paper proposes 11 tenets for restructuring:
s Provide competition for all.
s Respect state control. ("It is especially inappropriate for the federal government to mandate the introduction of retail competition.")
s Leave the restructuring of policy to legislators.
s Don't rush.
s Protect worker and public safety.
s Provide for stranded investments and stranded workers.
s Protect the value of investments in generation. ("Customers will receive no benefit if ... plants are shut down and prices rise to pay for new plants.")
s Preserve reliability.